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On an amavasya day, the sun and the moon are in the same direction (one below the other), as seen from the earth. This causes the portion of the moon in front of the earth not to be illuminated by the sun. The result – complete darkness for that side of the moon.
A New Moon day on Monday (Somavara) is called Somvati Amavasya. This Amavasya happens once is a year therefore it offers a great opportunity for ritualistic ceremonies. Monday is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Somvati Amavasya is an opportune day for married couples to wish for the longer life of their husbands.
One should stay away from meat, fish and alcohol on this day. On the day of Amavasya, husband and wife should also refrain from making physical relations. It is said that Chaudas, Amavasya and Pratipada are three such dates when we should remain completely pure from both body and mind.
As per astrology, this day is considered very beneficial to offer shraadh to ancestors and free them from negative energies. This is an auspicious day to pray for them. Also, humans attract energies to fight evil on Amavasya as planets release more energy on Amavasya and human radiation perceives it.
It’s better not to clean Pooja Room and Pooja Saman on Amavasya. According to our Hindu rituals, It is very auspicious to worship God on Amavasya Day. It helps to bring loads of good luck, wealth, peaceful and happiness into your life when you worship god and family deity (Kula Deivam) on Amavasya Day.
Amavasya is said to have negative effects on human life because it is believed that on this day the evil spirits roam freely and are also in their most powerful form. According to the Vishnu Dharma Shastra, this day is denoted as ‘Pitrus’ meaning, the spirits of ancestors.
This period is dedicated to the ancestors, hence one must abstain consuming non-vegetarian food items and alcohol, as they are not only considered inauspicious, but they are also regarded as worldly pleasures that may in the way of liberating the soul of the ancestors (pitra) from the cycle of Birth and Death.